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What the Amazon and Manitoba have in common

A trip to Brazil helped photographer Aaron Vincent Elkaim see the issues with hydroelectric development in Manitoba

In Manitoba, hydroelectric development has wreaked havoc on First Nations for decades. Think forced relocations of entire communities, poisoned water, poisoned animals.

Sometimes the stories closest to us are the easiest to overlook. But for photographer Aaron Vincent Elkaim, a trip to Brazil helped to bring home issues facing his own province.

“I was working on a hydroelectric story in the Amazon and how it was affecting this amazing waterway and all these Indigenous people,” Aaron told me. The experience got him thinking.“I started reflecting on where I was from and what the history of hydroelectric was in my home province.”

Beginning in 2016, Aaron began visiting and documenting these communities as construction on the Keeyask dam, the sixth mega dam to change the course of the Nelson River, was getting underway. After a history of environmental colonialism that saw dams built without the consent of any affected First Nations, Manitoba Hydro offered to partner with four Cree nations on the Keeyask project — though many who voted in favour of the partnership agreement, Aaron learned, believed the dam was inevitable and would be built with or without their cooperation.

Now, with the Keeyask set to go live in 2021, water levels are rising once more.

In a stunning photo essay recently published in The Narwhal, Aaron shares what he captured of the experiences of Elders and kids, fishermen and councillors, in this beautiful and expansive area of northern Manitoba. As these communities prepare for the impacts of the new dam, they shared their stories of slimy water, disappearing fish species, sickness in their communities and how much life has changed because of hydro development.

“The only way to get some of these pictures is to really get to know people,” Aaron says. “Just to be there, for the brief encounters, you have to be spending time with people. You really have to be a guest in a community and to do that you have to build relationships.”

“With time, the truth comes through [in my pictures] a little bit more.”

This week we also published a very different and yet very related feature about another Manitoba watershed. Head over to the Seal River and you’ll find the province’s last major undammed waterway. There, five Indigenous communities have banded together to keep it that way by establishing a protected area.

The initiative would allow Indigenous Peoples to protect declining caribou herds — quite the reversal from the 1950s, when the Sayisi Dene were wrongfully blamed for herd downturns and forced off their territory. As reporter Stephanie Wood notes, they’re now reclaiming their place as protectors.

The promise of the Seal River project stands in stark contrast to how watersheds have been managed throughout Canada’s dark colonial past. And it’s an important reminder of what becomes possible when lands are protected and restored under the management of Indigenous Peoples (pssst, have you checked out our reporting on Indigenous Protected and Conserved Areas?).

Take care and listen,

Arik Ligeti
Audience Engagement Editor


The Narwhal in the world

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This week in The Narwhal

The last free river of Manitoba

Tadoule Lake at sunset

Tadoule Lake, home of a Sayisi Dene community, is located in the Seal River Watershed. The Sayisi Dene, along with other Indigenous communities, are advocating to create an Indigenous Protected Area around the watershed. Photo: Chris Paetkau / Build Films

By Stephanie Wood

The Seal River is Manitoba’s only major waterway that hasn’t been dammed — and five Indigenous communities have banded together to keep it that way by establishing a protected area. Read more.


The transition to renewable energy relies on mining. Can it be done responsibly?

Wind farm

Mined materials are necessary to make wind turbines, but experts warn the inevitable increase in mining activity is unsustainable. Photo: Master Wen / Unsplash

By Matt Simmons

Demand for certain mined minerals is projected to increase exponentially in the coming decades. Experts warn responsible practices must be in place to reduce environmental and social impacts. Read more.


‘We’ve been too dependent on oil and gas’: the future of Alberta’s rural communities

Don Weiben Fairview Alberta

Alberta’s rural municipalities have struggled with budget shortfalls from unpaid oil and gas taxes for several years, but the COVID-19 pandemic has made the issue even more urgent. Here, Don Wieben, a farmer near Fairview, Alta., shows a stunted part of his crop close to oil infrastructure. Photo: Amber Bracken / The Narwhal

By Sharon J. Riley

As fossil fuel companies’ unpaid tax bills mount during the COVID-19 pandemic, the UCP government has announced new tax cuts for the sector. It’s a compromise that has rural communities scrambling for solutions to make up for revenue losses. Read more.


Canada gives $1.4 million to support Nunavik Inuit’s management of Arqvilliit Indigenous Protected Area

Landscape on one of the Arqvilliit islands Yvan Pouliot Arqvilliit IPCA Steering Committee

Rocky shores on one of the Arqvilliit islands. Photo: Yvan Pouliot / Arqvilliit IPCA Steering Committee

By Julien Gignac

A federal partnership will aid Indigenous-led monitoring and research of 24,000 hectares of remote Arctic islands that provide critical habitat for polar bears and other species affected by the climate emergency. Read more.


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